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FOUNDATION STUDY NOTES FOUNDATION : PAPER - 4 FUNDAMENTALS OF BUSINESS MATHEMATICS AND STATISTICS The Institute of Cost Accountants of India CMA Bhawan, 12, Sudder Street, Kolkata - 700 016. Below are all the topics covered for the Year 12 Applied Maths AS course. Sample statistics are notated by the “hat” symbol over the population parameter such as the sample mean ˆ, or sometimes for convenience a symbol from the English alphabet. This Lecture Guide and Student Notebook to accompany Introductory Statistics: A Problem Solving Approach is just that, a notebook with prepared (outline style or paraphrased) lecture notes that correspond to the textbook. procedures related to information and/or course topics. n! (n − k)!. Deviation s x = r 1 n 1 X (x i x)2 (6) z-score z= x ˙ (7) Correlation r= 1 n 1 Xn i=1 (x i x) s x (y i y) s y (8. MATERIAL SUBMITED ONLINE BY: BUKHARI. For now, just close that window (click on Cancel). 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